The Effect of Communication, Information, and Education Session on Nutritional Status in Children Under 3 Years in Muhammadiyah Hospital Gresik, East Java

Siti Hamidah

Universitas Muhammadiyah Gresik, Gresik, East Java, Indonesia



Background: The prevalence of childhood malnutrition remains high in the developing world. Malnutrition rate is high between the ages of 6 to 24 months because breast milk alone is not enough to meet the nutritional needs of the child and other foods are introduced. WHO recommends that children should be introduced to complementary foods at 6 months. It is argued that poor feeding practices are associated with care-givers poor knowledge, lack of information and their being restricted by traditional beliefs. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a month-long nutritional communication, information, and education session on increasing nutritional status in children under 3 years of age.

Subjects and Method: This was a randomized control trial conducted at Gresik Muhammadiyah Hospital, Gresik, East Java, Indonesia. A sample of 160 children under 3 years was selected for this study. The sample was allocated randomly into the experimental group and control group with each group consisting of 80 children. The dependent variable was weight for age in z-score. The independent variable was information, communication, and education (ICE). The ICE session was delivered by health cadres every week for a month with mothers of the children under study assigned as the participants of the session.  The dependent variable was measured 3 months after the intervention. The body weight was measured by weight scale. The data were analyzed using independent t-test.

Results: After the ICE intervention, the mean weight for age z-score in the experimental group (Mean= 1.50; SD= 1.30) was higher than the mean weight for age z-score in the control group (Mean= -0.50; SD= 1.10), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.023).

Conclusion: A month-long nutritional communication, information, and education session targeted to mothers is effective to increase nutritional status of children under 3 years of age.

Keywords: communication, information, and education, nutritional status, children.

Correspondence: Siti Hamida. Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Gresik. Jl. Sumatra.101, Mt. Malang, Randuagung, Kebomas, Gresik, East Java. Email: Mobile: +62 81553520203.


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