The Relationship between Parental Communication Pattern and Temper Tantrum in Children under Five in Kudus, Central Java

Umi Faridah, Sri Siska Mardiana, Hilal Ariadi, Atika Mayasari


Nursing Academy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus, Central Java



Background: Temper tantrum was episodes of extreme anger and frustration common in children aged 1 to 3 years. In Indonesia, the number of children under five was 10% of the total population. The prevalence of developmental disorder in children varies from 12.8% to 16%. Based on data from the 2018 Central Java Provincial Health Office, the inappropriate socio-emotional development of early childhood was 27.8%. One way to reduce the number of temper tantrum was by knowing the sex of the child and the communication pattern of the parents. This study aimed to determine the relationship between parental communication pattern and temper tantrum in children under five in Kudus, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Taman Mutiara Integrated PAUD, Kudus, Central Java. A sample of 30 children under five was selected for this study. The dependent variable was temper tantrum. The independent variable was parental communication pattern. The data were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed using odds ratio and chi-square.

Results: Permissive parental communication pattern increased the occurrence of temper tantrum in children under five (OR= 21.67; 95% CI= 19.43 to 24.16; p= 0.002).

Conclusion: Permissive parental communication pattern increases the occurrence of temper tantrum in children under five.

Keywords: temper tantrum, parental communication pattern, children

Correspondence: Umi Faridah. Nursing Academy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus. Jl. Ganesha Raya No. 1, Purwosari, Kudus 59316, Central Java. Email: Mobile: +62 81329061236.


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