Access to Information, Socio-Cultural Factor, and Their Relationship with Readiness to Provide Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Pregnant Women

Sri Mulyani, AA Subiyanto, Sapja Anantanyu, Supriyadi Heri Respati

Diploma Program in Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University
Masters Program in Family Medicine, Sebelas Maret University
Doctoral Program in Development Promotion, Sebelas Maret University 4 Department of Obstetry and Gynecology, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta


Review of evidence has shown that, on a population basis, exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is the optimal way of feeding infants. Breast milk promotes sensory and cognitive development, and protects the infant against infectious and chronic diseases. Exclusive breastfeeding reduces infant mortality due to common childhood illnesses such as diarrhea or pneumonia, and helps for a quicker recovery during illness. This study aimed to examine the relationship between access to information, socio-cultural factor, and readiness to provide exclusive breastfeeding among pregnant women.

This was a cross sectional study conducted in Surakarta, Central Java. A sample of 150 pregnant mothers was selected at random from 3 community health centers in Surakarta. The dependent variable was readiness to provide exclusive breastfeeding. The indepen-dent variables were access to information and socio-cultural factor. The socio-cultural factor consisted of 3 indicators: (1) Value and belief on colostrum, (2) Value and belief food intake, and (3) Tradition and belief about breastfeeding. A questionnaire was developed to measure these variables. A multiple linear regression model was used to estimate the relationship between variables.

RESULTS: Access to information (b=0.30; p=0.021) and positive socio-cultural factor (b=0.20; p=0.044) increased the readiness of pregnant mothers to provide exclusive breastfeeding, and both relationships were statistically significant.

Access to information and positive socio-cultural factor increase the readiness of pregnant mothers to provide exclusive breast-feeding. Health promotion initiative is recommended to improve informa-tion access and to enhance positive socio-cultural values and beliefs in order to increase readiness among pregnant mothers to provide exclusive breastfeeding.

Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, access to information, socio-cultural factor


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