Maternal and Infant Factors Associated with Breastfeeding in a Hospital Rooming-in Ward System, Kudus, Central Java


Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences (Stikes) Muhammadiyah, Kudus


BACKGROUND: Breast milk is the best nutrition for infants. Breast milk contains a variety of nutrients and fluid that infants need. The practice of breastfeeding may be influenced by several factors, such as maternal knowledge in breastfeeding, maternal competence in lactation manage-ment, maternal condition, and infant condition. A new strategy to facilitate breastfeeding is to provide rooming-in one ward system for the new born babies. This study aimed to investigate factors associated with breast-feeding in a rooming-in ward system for the new born babies.

SUBJECT AND METHODS: This study was cross-sectional, conducted in Kudus, Central Java. A sample of 30 lactating mothers was selected from rooming-in ward in a hospital, Kudus, Central Java. The dependent variable was breastfeeding. The independent variables were maternal condition and infant condition. A questionnaire was developed to measure the variables. The data was analyzed using Odds Ratio (OR) and Chi-Square.

Good maternal condition (OR= 15.00; 95% CI= 1.45 to 155.30; p= 0.008) and good infant condition (OR= 38.25; 95% CI= 4.59 to 318.60; p<0.001) were positively and strongly associated with the likelihood of breastfeeding.

Maternal and infant conditions are important determinants for breastfeeding in a hospital rooming-in ward system.

breastfeeding, maternal condition, infant condition, rooming-in ward.


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