Factors Associated with Smoking Habit among High School Students in Soe, South Timor Tengah, East Nusa Tenggara


Yusiany Nenosono, Intje Picauly, Sabina Gero

Masters Program in Public Health, Nusa Cendana University, Kupang

ABSTRACT

Background: Many adolescents start smoking at an early age because of curiosity and venturesomeness. Early start of smoking makes it difficult to quit smoking. Adolescents’ habitual smoking not only becomes an entry point to all kinds of substance abuse but also causes various health problems including upper respiratory infection, immature lung development, reduced maximum vital capacity, and lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with smoking habit in high school students in Soe, South Timor Tengah, East Nusa Tenggara.

Subjects and Method:
This was a crosssectional study conducted at 3 Junior High Schools in Soe, South Timor Tengah, East Nusa Tenggara. A sample of 107 students was selected for this study by stratified random sampling. The dependent varible was smoking status. The independent variables were gender and smoking peer group. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by logistic regression.

Results:
Male students (OR= 223.73; CI 95%= 13.78 to 3,631.59; p<0.001) and attachment with smoking peer group (OR= 33.33; CI 95%= 3.57 to 100.00; p= 0.002) were associated with increased risk of smoking among high school students.

Conclusion:
Male and attachment with smoking peer group are associated with increased risk of smoking among high school students.

Keywords:
smoking, adolescent, gender, peer group

Correspondence:
Yusiany Nenosono. Masters Program in Public Health, Nusa Cendana University, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: nenosonoyusiani@gmail.com. Mobile: +6285253134121.

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2017.084

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