An Evaluation of the Role of Community Health Workers in Maternal and Child Health Surveillance in Pasuruan, East Java

Ninil Dwi Pangestu1)Hermanu Joebagio2), Setyo Sri Rahardjo3)

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Teaching and Educational Sciences, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Every three minutes, somewhere in Indonesia, a child under the age of five years dies. Moreover, every hour, a woman dies from giving birth or of causes related to pregnancy. Pasuruan is one of the districts in East Java with the highest infant mortality rate. One of the public health interventions that has been undertaken to address this issue is maternal and child health surveillance program with community health workers being the leading implementers. This study aimed to describe the role of community health workers in maternal and child health surveillance to optimize maternal and child health care services in Pasuruan District, East Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a qualitative case study conducted in Pasuruan, East Java. Key informants were selected by criterion sampling. The data were collected by in-depth interview, focus group discussion, observation, and document review. Data validity was checked by triangulation.

Results: Community based maternal and child health surveillance program has been implemented for 4 years. However, only some of all community health workes have been trained in this program. The tasks of these community health workers included advocacy and monitoring of maternal and child health in the areas of posyandu. The implementation of these surveillance program had some obstacles, including low insentive of community health worker, inactive community health worker, lack of awareness among community members on maternal and child health issues, and medical factors of pregnant mothers that caused mortality.

Conclusion: Community health workers help improve the quality of maternal and child health care by surveillance program, although their performances have yet to be enhanced.

Keywords: maternal mortality rate, infant mortality rate, community health workers


Ninil Dwi Pangestu. Masters Program in Public Health, Sebelas Maret University,  Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36A Surakarta 57126, Jawa Tengah. E-mail: Mobile +62856553737.



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