Mother’s Participation in Breast Feeding Support Group and Exclusive Breastfeeding Success: an Evidence from Banyuwangi

Endah Kusuma Wardani1), Uki Retno Budi Hastuti2),

Rita Benya Adriani3)

1) Master Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta

3)School of Health Polytechnics, Surakarta



Background: WHO recommends mothers worldwide to exclusively breastfeed infants for the child’s first six months to achieve optimal growth, development and health. Thereafter, they should be given nutritious complementary foods and continue breastfeeding up to the age of two years or beyond. The coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Banyuwangi in 2015 was 78.7%. This study aimed to explain the relationship between age, parity, education, occupation, household assistant (ART), mother participation in maternal breast support group (KP-ASI) and exclusive breastfeeding success.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at 3 community health centers in Banyuwangi, from August to September 2017. A sample of 120 mothers was selected for this study by simple random sampling. The dependent variable was exclusive breastfeeding. The independent variables were age, parity, education, occupation, ART, and mother participation in KP-ASI. The data were analyzed using multiple logistic regressions.

Results: Maternal age (OR= 3.99; 95% CI= 1.08 to 14.64; p= 0.037), parity (OR= 7.15; 95% CI= 2.19 to 23.33; p= 0.001), education (OR= 1.30; CI95%= 0.16 to 2.35; p= 0.488), household assistant (OR= 8.99; 95% CI= 2.32 to 34.88; p= 0.001), mother’s participation in breastfeeding (OR= 5.32; 95% CI= 1.79 to 15.76; p= 0.003) was associated with exclusive breastfeeding success.

Conclusion: Exclusive breastfeeding success is associated with mother’s age, parity, household assistant, and mother’s participation in breastfeeding, but not significantly related to mother’s education and employment.

Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, sociodemographic factors, KP-ASI

Correspondence: Endah Kusuma Wardani. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: +6282257193736.


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