Association Between Body Mass Index, Type of Occupation, History of Chronic Illness, and Poor Occupational Posture

Dea Linia Romadhoni1), Setyo Sri Rahardjo2), Dono Indarto2)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Good posture is important for an individual health as well as appearance. Poor occupational posture may cause negative impacts such as soreness & pain, poor circulation, negative mood, increased stress, carpal tunnel synd­rome, less motivation, poor digestion, and fatigue. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between body mass index, type of occupation, his­tory of chronic illness, and poor occupational posture.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Dr. Moewar­di hospital, Surakarta, Central Java, from April to May 2018. A sample of 116 patients was selected for this study by fixed disease sampling. The dependent va­ri­able was occupational posture. The independent variables were body mass index, type of occupation, and history of chronic illness. Occupational posture da­ta were measured by Rapid Entry Body Assessment (REBA) questionnaire. The other variables were measured by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a mul­­tiple logistic regression.

Results: Poor occupational posture was associated with body mass index ≥25 (OR= 0.99; 95% CI= 0.02 to 1.96; p= 0.044), heavy occupational type (OR= 2.24; 95% CI= 1.34 to 3.14; p<0.001), and history of chronic illness (OR= 0.78; 95% CI= -0.10 to 1.67; p= 0.084).

Conclusion: Poor occupational posture is associated with body mass index ≥25, heavy occupational type, and history of chronic illness.

Keywords: occupational posture, body mass index, occupational type, history of ill­ness

Correspondence: Dea Linia Romadhoni. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: Mobile: 082227862718


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