Association Between Maternal Education and Knowledge of Complementary Feeding in Tegalrejo, Yogyakarta

Dewi Rokhanawati1,2), Evitriani1) 


1)Study Program in Midwifery, Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

2)Doctoral Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: From 6 months of age infants need breast milk and solid foods to promote health, support growth and enhance development. This is called complementary feeding. It ensures that infants receive all the necessary nutrients, in­clu­ding those that are sometimes missing for many infants (iron, zinc and vitamin A). Introducing foods like meat, eggs and liver in the early stages of comple­­mentary feeding is recommended, because these foods are good sources of these nutrients. This study aimed to determine association between maternal education and knowledge of complementary feeding.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Yog­ya­karta. A sample of 36 lactating mothers was selected for this study. The de­pen­dent variable was knowledge of complementary feeding. The independent vari­able was the maternal education. The data were collected by questionnaire and analy­zed by chi square with odd ratio as the measure of association.

Results: Maternal education was positively associated with knowledge of complementary feeding (OR = 3.20; CI 95% = 1.91 to 5.40; p= 0.001).

Conclusion: Higher maternal education is associated with better knowledge of com­plementary feeding.

Keywords: maternal education, knowledge, complementary feeding

CorrespondenceDewi Rokhanawati. Study Program in Midwifery, Universitas Aisyiyah Yog­ya­kar­ta/ Doctoral Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ring Road Ba­rat No. 63, Nogotirto, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55592. Email: Mobile: 081236093816.


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