Biopsychosocial Determinants of Preeclampsia in Kediri, East Java


Katmini1), Febrina Dwi Nurcahyanti2) , Astri Yunita3)

 

1)Study Program in Nursing, School of Sciences Bhakti Mulia, Kediri, East Java

2,3)Diploma Program in Midwifery, School of Sciences Bhakti Mulia, Kediri, East Java

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Preeclampsia has remained a significant public health threat in both developed and developing countries contributing to maternal and perinatal mor­­bi­dity and mortality globally. This study aimed to examine the bio­psy­cho­so­cial determinants of preeclampsia in Kediri, East Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study conducted in Kediri, East Ja­va. A sample of 100 pregnant mothers was selected for this study by fixed di­se­ase sampling, consisting of 25 pregnant mothers with preeclampsia and 75 without preeclampsia. The dependent variable was preeclampsia. The inde­pen­dent variables were maternal age, parity, Body Mass Index (BMI), perceived sus­cep­tibility, and perceived severity. The data were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Maternal age <20 years (OR= 1.75; p= 0.023), nulliparous (OR= 1.56; p= 0.045), BMI ≥25 (OR= 2.75; p= 0.037), low perceived susceptibility (OR= 2.22 ; p= 0.034), low perceived severity (OR= 2.61 ; p= 0.048) were associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia.

Conclusion: Maternal age <20 years, nulliparous, BMI ≥25, low perceived susceptibility, low perceived severity, are associated with an increased risk of preec­lampsia.

Keywords: preeclampsia, maternal age, parity, body mass index, perceived sus­cep­tibility, perceived severity.

Correspondence: Katmini. Study Program in Nursing, School of Sciences Bhakti Mulia, Kediri, East Java. Email: katminitini@gmail.com. Mobile: 082334662921.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.01.13

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