Factors Associated with Occupational Accident at Palm Oil Plantation, Riau


Nonita Florida Br Sembiring

 

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara

 

ABSTRACT

Background: An occupational accident is a sudden and unexpected accident caused by external factors due to which the employee suffers injuries. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than 337 million accidents happen on the job each year, resulting, together with occupational diseases, in more than 2.3 million deaths annually. This study aimed to determine factors associated with occupational accident at palm oil plantation, Riau.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at a palm oil plantation, Riau, North Sumatera, in May 2018. A sample of 50 workers was selected for this study. The dependent variable was occupational accident. The inde­­pendent variables were human factors (age, gender, work duration, Pro­tective Equi­p­ment or PPE, education), management factors (occupational health and safety, standard operational procedure, training and monitoring), and work environ­­ment factor. The data were collected by questionnaire and observation. The da­ta were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Human factor, management factor, and work environment factor, were simultan­eously associated with occupational accident. Management factor had the highest effect.

Conclusion: Human factor, management factor, and work environment factor, were simultaneously associate with occupational accident at palm oil plantation. Mana­gement factor had the highest effect.

Keywords: occupational accident, palm oil plantation, human factor, mana­ge­ment factor, work environment factor

Correspondence: Nonita Florida Br Sembiring. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatera. Email: nonitakembaren@gmail.com. Mobile: 081260495513.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.01.19

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