Factors Associated with Unsafe Behavior among Construction Workers in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara

Noorce Christiani Berek


Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana



Background: Earlier studies have shown that about 90% of accidents in the work settings occur because of unsafe behavior and human errors. If workers do not have the right knowledge, favorable attitude, and proper behavior toward safe­ty measures in a safe workplace, all efforts for an accident-free workplace will be in vain. This study aimed to determine factors associated with unsafe occu­pa­tio­nal behavior among construction workers in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study carried out in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. A sample of 200 construction workers were selected at random for this study. The endogenous variables were perceive benefit, favorable at­titude, and unsafe occupational behavior. The exogenous was good knowledge. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a path analysis model.

Results: Good knowledge increased perceived benefit (b= 0.25; 95% CI= 0.06 to 0.56; p= 0.038). Perceived benefit increased favorable attitude (b= 0.56; 95% CI= 0.25 to 0.86; p<0.001). Favorable attitude decreased unsafe occupational behavior (b= -0.56; 95% CI= -0.32 to -0.80; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Good knowledge, perceived benefit,  and favorable attitude, respectively, decrease unsafe behavior among the construction workers in the work settings.

Keywords: good knowledge, perceived benefit,  favorable attitude, respectively, un­safe behavior, construction workers.

Correspondence: Noorce Christiani Berek. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Jl. Adi Sucipto, Penfui, Kupang 85000, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: noorce.berek@staf.undana.ac.id.  Mobile: 081228521127.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.01.36

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