Hypertension, Body Mass Index, and their Associations with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Deli Serdang, North Sumatera


Suaidah, Albiner Siagian, Fazidah Aguslina

 

Universitas Sumatera Utara

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major public health problem world­wide. Current global estimates indicate that this condition affects 415 mil­lion people and is set to escalate to 642 million by the year 2040. Type 2 DM is a meta­bolic disease that occurs due to abnormalities in insulin secretion. This study aimed to analyze the associations of hypertension and body mass index with type 2 DM in Deli Serdang, North Sumatera.

Subjects and Methods: This was a case-control study conducted in Deli Ser­dang,  North Sumatera. A sample of 92 patients was selected for this study consis­ting 46 patients with type 2 DM and 46 patients without type 2 DM. The depen­dent variable was type 2 DM. The independent variables were hypertension and bo­dy mass index. Type 2 DM and hypertension data were obtained from the me­di­cal record. The other data were collected by questionnaire. The data were analy­zed by multiple logistic regression.

Results: Type 2 DM was associated with hypertension (OR= 3.56; p= 0.004) and BMI ≥25 (OR= 5.66; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Type 2 DM is associated with hypertension and BMI ≥25.

Keywords: type 2 DM, hypertension, body mass index

Correspondence: Suaidah. Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatera. Email: suaidahidah85@gmail.com. Mobile: +6281264350209.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.01.44

Share this :

View PDF