Occupational Factors Affecting Hemoglobin Level among Printing Industry Workers in Medan, North Sumatera


Anggi Isnani Parinduri1), Taufik Ashar2), Nurmaini2)

 

1)Department of Occupational Health and Safety,

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara

2)Department of Environmental Health,

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Use of organic compound such as hydrocarbon benzene in prin­ting process may cause air pollution in the workplace and thereby affect the health and safety of workers. Benzene may damage blood formation and reduce hemo­g­lobin level. This study aimed to analyze the effect of occupational factors on hemoglobin level among printing industry workers in Medan, North Suma­tera.

Subjects and Methods: This was a cross sectional study carried out at a prin­ting industry in Medan, North Sumatera. A sample of 50 printing industry wor­kers were selected for this study. The dependent variable was hemoglobin level. The independent variables were length of exposure and years of service. Hemo­glo­bin level was measured by a portable hemoglobin meter. The other data were col­lected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple linear reg­res­sion.

Results: Hemoglobin level reduced with length of exposure (b= 0.27; p= 0.001) and years of service (b= 0.15; p= 0.022) among printing industry workers.

Conclusion: Hemoglobin level is affected by length of exposure and years of ser­vice among printing industry workers.

Keywords: hemoglobin level, length of exposure, years of service

Correspondence: Anggi Isnani Parinduri. Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatera. Email: anggisnani@gmail.com. Mobile: +6281362299926.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.01.46

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