Postural Balance and Anti-Gravitation Muscle Strength in Women Who Do Indonesia Healthy Gymnastics


Sumanto

 

School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Surakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Balance is the ability to maintain the center of gravity over the base of support, usually while in an upright position. Balance is a complex function involving numerous neuromuscular processes. The factors having direct influ­ence on the ability to maintain the balancing position may be sensory informa­tion, coordination, range of joint movements and muscle strength. Muscle strength is an important aspect of physical fitness and health status, and a decrease of muscle strength may cause significant functional limitations. This study ai­med to test the effect on postural balance and anti-gravitation muscle strength in women who do Indonesian healthy tera gymnastics.

Subjects and Method: This was a randomized controlled trial carried out in Sura­karta. A total of 160 people 55 to 65 years of age were selected for this study and divided into two groups: (1) Tera gymnastics group; (2) Control group. The depen­dent variables were postural balance and anti-gravitation muscle strength. The independent variable was Indonesian healthy tera gymnastics. Data on postu­ral balance was measured by posturometer, and anti-gravitation muscle strength was measured by dynamometer.  The scores between two groups were tes­ted by t-test.

Results: Wobble frequency was lower in the gymnastics group than in the control group, and it was statistically significant. Wobble amplitude was lower in the gym­nastics group than in the control group, and it was statistically significant.

Conclusion: Tera healthy gymnastics is effective to improve postural balance as indicated by low wobble frequency and amplitude.

Keywords: healthy gymnastics, postural balance, wobble frequency, amplitude.

Correspondence: Sumanto. School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: sumantoiman@gmail.com. Mobile: 08121508067.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.05.21

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