Religious Belief and its Influence on Healthy Ageing among the Elderly in Blora, Central Java

Niena Ayu Cahyaningtyas1), Aris Sudiyanto2), RB. Soemanto3)


1)Master Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Departement of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine,

Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas

Sebelas Maret



Background: WHO defines healthy ageing “as the process of developing and main­taining the functional ability that enables wellbeing in older age”. This study ai­med to examine religious belief and its influence on healthy ageing among the elderly in Blora, Central Java.

Subject and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Blora, Central Java. A sample of 200 older people was selected for this study by snowball sampling. The dependent variable was healthy ageing. The independent variables were nutrition intake, age, religious (spiritual) belief, education, and income. Da­ta on healthy ageing was collected by WHOQOL-BREF. The other variables were mea­sured by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple linear reg­ression.

Results: Healthy ageing was positively associated with strong spiritual belief (b= 6.57; 95% CI= 3.48 to 9.66; p<0.001), better education (b= 7.43; 95% CI= 3.69 to 11.16; p<0.001), higher income (b= 6.77; 95% CI= 3.30 to 10.23; p<0.001), good nutri­tional status (b= 7.00; 95% CI= 3.89 to 10.11; p<0.001), but was negatively asso­ciated with age (b= -3.56; 95% CI= -6.98 to -0.14; p= 0.041).

Conclusion: Healthy ageing is positively associated with strong spiritual belief, bet­ter education, higher income, good nutritional status, but is negatively asso­ciated with age.

Keywords: healthy ageing, religious belief, elderly, ageing

Correspondence: Niena Ayu Cahyaningtyas. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: Mobile: 085640776171.


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