Risk Factors of Filariasis in Children, Bukittinggi, West Sumatera

Masrizal, Aulia Rahmi Fitri Yani, Randa Ilham


Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health,

Universitas Andalas



Background: Lymphatic filariasis remains a major global public health problem and is 1 of the World Health Organization’s 6 diseases targeted for global era­di­ca­tion. Filariasis is a chronic infectious disease caused by filarial worm infection and can lead to disability in the affected. This study aimed to determine the risk fac­tors of lymphatic filariasis in children in Bukittinggi, West Sumatera.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study conducted in Bukitinggi, West Sumatera. A sample of 80 children was selected for this study, consisiting of 40 filariasis cases and 40 controls. The dependent variable was filariasis infec­tion. The independent variables were maternal education, maternal knowledge, use of mosquito net, use of mosquito repellent, hanging clothes, use of wire net, pre­sence of house ceiling, animal reservoir. Filariasis data was obtained from the me­dical record. The other data were collected by questionnaire. The data were ana­ly­zed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: The risk of filariasis infection in children increased with low maternal edu­cation (OR= 1.20; 95%CI= 0.36 to 3.93), poor maternal knowledge (OR= 2.00; 95% CI= 0.89 to 4.45), non-user of mosquito net (OR= 1.14; 95% CI= 0.41 to 3.15), non-user of mosquito repellent (OR= 1.25; 95% CI= 0.49 to 3.16), hanging clothe habit (OR= 7.00, 95% CI= 1.59 to 30.30), non-user of wire net (OR= 1.37; 95% CI= 0.55 to 3.41), non-user of house ceiling (OR= 4.00; 95% CI= 1.12 to 14.17), presence of animal reservoir (OR= 1.25; 95% CI= 0.58 to 2.67).

Conclusion: Low-quality housing is associated with an increased risk of fila­ria­sis infection. Poor preventive practices of mosquito bite is also associated with an in­creased risk of filariasis infection.

Keywords: filariasis, infection, risk factor.

Correspondence: Masrizal. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Andalas, Padang, West Sumatera. Email: masrizal_khaidir@yahoo.com. Mobile: 08126733228.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.01.43

Share this :

View PDF