The Effects of Smoking and Dyslipidemia on Coronary Artery Disease among Women at Dr. Pirngadi Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera


Olyvia Glantika, Rahayu Lubis, Asfriyati

 

Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health,

Universitas Sumatera Utara

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease, is the most common type of heart disease. Globally, CAD is the leading cau­se of death and is predicted to remain so for the next 20 years. Each year, appro­xi­mately 3.8 million men and 3.4 million women die from CAD. In 2020, it is esti­­­mated that this disease will be responsible for a total of 11.1 million deaths globally. This study aimed to examine the effects of smoking and dyslipidemia on CAD among women at Dr. Pirngadi hospital, Medan, North Sumatera.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study conducted at Dr. Pirngadi Ge­­­ne­­ral Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera. A sample 124 women ≤45 years of age was selected in this study. The dependent variable was coronary artery di­sea­se. The independent variables were smoking and dyslipidemia. The CAD and dys­lipi­­­demia data were obtained from the medical record. The smoking data were col­­­lected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic reg­res­sion.

Results: The risk of coronary artery disease increased with smoking (OR= 3.76; 95% CI= 1.66 to 8.53; p= 0.002) and dyslipidemia (OR= 5.32; 95% CI= 2.31 to 12.22; p< 0.001).

Conclusion: The risk of coronary artery disease increases with smoking and dyslipidemia.

Keywords: coronary artery disease, smoking, dyslipidemia

Correspondence: Olyvia Glantika. Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Univer­sitas Sumatera Utara, Jl. Prof. T. Maas, Medan, North Sumatera. Email: olyviaglantika91@gmail.com. Mobile: 085206946392.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.01.30

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