Association between Emotional Distress and Poor Self-Care among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Medan

Susy Hariaty Situmorang


Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara



Background: Although the disease burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been investigated extensively, the psychosocial component, particulary its effect on self-care, is under-researched. This study aimed to examine the asso­cia­tion between emotional distress and self-care among patients with type 2 diabetes mel­li­tus.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Pus­kes­mas (Community Health Center) Matsum, Medan, North Sumatera. A total sam­ple of 49 patients was selected for this study. The dependent variable was self-care. The independent variable was emotional distress and some con­foun­ding fac­­­tors. The data were collected by questionnaire, and analyzed by a mul­tiple li­near regression.

Results: After controlling for confounding factors, self-care decreased with increasing emotional distress (b= -2.22; p= 0.034).

Conclusion: Poor self-care is associated with emotional distress.

Keywords: self-care, emotional, distress, diabetes mellitus.

Correspondence: Susy Hariaty Situmorang. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatera. Email: Mobile: 081220230986.


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