Associations of Peer Group and Social Media with Healthy Eating Behavior among Adolescents


Frima Elda, Kusharisupeni

 

Center for Nutritional Studies, Faculty of Public Health,

Universitas Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Eating a balanced and varied diet and establishing healthy eating habits promotes young people’s health, growth and intellectual development ac­ross the life- course. Bandura’s Social Learning Theory posits that people learn from one another (e.g. how to eat), via observation, imitation, and modeling. This stu­dy aimed to estimate associations of peer group and social media with healthy eating behavior among adolescents.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at several senior high schools in Jakarta. A sample of 400 high school students was selected for this study. The dependent variable was healthy eating behavior. The inde­pen­dent variables were peer group and exposure to positive social media. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Healthy eating behavior was positively associated with favorable eating habit of peer group (OR= 2.86; 95%CI= 1.79 to 4.10; p= 0.027) and exposure to positive social media (OR= 3.45; 95%CI= 2.11 to 5.98; p= 0.044).

Conclusion: Healthy eating behavior is positively associated with favorable eating habit of peer group and exposure to positive social media.

Keywords: eating behavior, healthy, peer group, social media, adolescent.

Correspondence: Frima Elda. Center for Nutritional Studies, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia. Email: frima_elda84@yahoo.com. Mobile: 085272802345

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.02.14

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