Do Smoking, Heavy Physical Activity, and Overweight, Increase The Risk of Male Infertility? A New Evidence from Surakarta, Central Java


Devita Agustina1), Uki Retno Budihastuti2), Bhisma Murti1)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Moewardi Hospital,

Surakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Male infertility is a global public health issue. Infertility affects an esti­­mated 15% of couples globally, amounting to 48.5 million couples. Males are found to be solely responsible for 20-30% of infertility cases and contribute to 50% of cases overall. This study aimed to investigate the effects of smoking, heavy phy­sical activity, and overweight on the risk of male infertility.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Sekar infer­­tility clinic, Dr. Moewardi hospital, Surakarta, from January to May 2018. A sample of 120 men was selected by fixed disease sampling. The dependent variable was male infertility. The independent variables were age, smoking, physical acti­vity, and body mass index (BMI). The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Male infertility was associated with older age (b= 4.96; 95% CI= 1.74 to 14.17; p= 0.003), smoking (b= 2.83; 95% CI= 1.17 to 6.84; p= 0.021), heavy physical activity (b= 2.84; 95% CI= 1.14 to 7.06; p= 0.025), and BMI ≥25 (b= 2.88; 95% CI= 1.06 to 7.85; p= 0.038).

Conclusion: Male infertility is associated with age, smoking, heavy physical activity, and BMI ≥25.

Keywords: infertility, smoking, physical activity, body mass index, men

Correspondence: Devita Agustina. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36 A, Surakarta, Indonesia. Email: inidevita@gmail.com.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.05.23

 

 

 

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