Effects of Knowledge and Family Support on Completeness of Immunization in Asahan, North Sumatera


Sari Irmayani Tanjung

 

Graduate Program in Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Immunization remains one of the most important public health interventions and cost effective strategies to reduce child mortality and morbidity associated with infectious diseases. It is estimated to avert between 2 and 3 mil­li­on deaths each year worldwide. This study aimed to estimate the effects of know­ledge and family support on completeness of basic child immunization in Asahan, North Sumatera.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Pus­kes­mas (Community Health Center) Aek Songsongan, Asahan, North Sumatera, in April 2018. A total of 80 mothers were selected for this study. The dependent va­ria­ble was completeness of basic child immunization. The independent variables were maternal knowledge and family support. Data on immunization status were ta­ken from the immunization record at the community health center. The other data were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Good maternal knowledge (OR= 2.78; 95% CI= 1.06 to 7.25; p= 0.037) and family support (OR= 2.63; 95% CI= 0.95 to 7.30; p= 0.060) increased the chance of complete immunization.

Conclusion: Maternal knowledge and family support  increases the chance of com­­plete basic child immunization.

Keywords: knowledge, family support, immunization.

CorrespondenceSari Irmayani Tanjung. Graduate Program in Public Health, Universitas Su­ma­te­ra Utara, Jl. Universitas No. 21 Kampus USU, Medan 20115, North Sumatera. Email: sariirmayani09@gmail.com. Mobile: 08116390101

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.02.12

 

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