Health Behavior Associated with Quality of Life among Elderly with Hypertension

Hari Peni Julianti, Aras Utami, Diah Rahayu Wulandari


Department of Public Health-Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine,

Universitas Diponegoro



Background: The quality of life of elderly people has become increasingly important with the demographic shift to greying population. Quality of life is defined by personal feelings, details, outlook, and day-to-day experiences, which in­clude how happy and positive one feels, how comfortable and secure, how produc­tive and desired, how healthy and free an individual considers themselves, etc. This study aimed to determine health behavior associated with quality of life among elderly with hypertension.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Pus­kes­mas (community health center) Rowosari, Semarang, Central Java. A sam­ple of 62 elderly with hypertension was selected for this study by simple ran­dom sam­pling. The dependent variable was quality of life. The independent variables were adherence to treatment, physical exercise, diet, and smoking. Quality of life was mea­sured by Short Form-36. Dietary pattern was measured by food recall. The other data were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by chi square with prevalence ratio (PR) as the measure of association.

Results: Adherence to treatment (PR= 10.27; CI 95%= 2.85 to 36.94; p<0.001), phy­si­cal exercise (PR= 12.00; CI 95%= 2.26 to 63.86; p= 0.001), good diet (PR= 1.80; CI 95%= 1.40 to 2.34; p= 0.001), and smoking abstinence (PR= 3.36; CI 95%= 1.04 to 10.90; p= 0.038) were associated with better quality of life in el­der­ly with hypertension.

Conclusion: Adherence to treatment, physical exercise, good diet, and smoking abs­ti­nence are associated with good quality of life in elderly with hypertension.

Correspondence: Hari Peni Julianti. Department of Public Health-Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Me­dicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java. Email: Mobile: 081326381347


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