Profile of Microorganisms Attributable to Dermatophytosis among Patients at Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital, Semarang


Rahayu1), Masfiyah1), Hesti Wahyuningsih K2)

 

1)Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

2)Department of Skin and Genital Disease, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Dermatophytosis, also known as ringworm, is a fungal infection of the skin. Typically the skin disease results in a red, itchy, scaly, circular rash. Hair loss may occur in the area affected. Symptoms begin four to fourteen days after ex­­­po­sure. Multiple areas can be affected at a given time. About 40 types of fungi can cause ringworm. They typically come from Trichophyton sp., Microsporum sp., or Epidermophyton sp. This study aimed to describe the profile of micro­organisms attributable to dermatophytosis among patients at Sultan Agung Islamic Hos­­­pital, Semarang.

Subjects and method: This was a descriptive cross sectional study conducted at Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital, from January to December 2016. A sample of pa­­tients with dermatophytosis was selected for this study. The data were collected from the medical record and described in percent.

Results: As much as 53% of patients with dermatophytosis were female. Derma­tophy­tosis patients were diagnosed as Tinea corporis (35%), Tinea capitis (29%), Tinea pedis (21%), Tinea cruris (12%), and Tinea unguium (3%). Der­matophyte fungi were Microsporum canis (32%), Trichophyton mentagrophytes (18%), Micro­s­porum audiounii (6%), Trichophyton rubrum (3%), and Tri­chophyton tonsu­rans (3%).

Conclusion: Microsporum canis is the most common fungi that causes der­ma­toph­ytosis.

Keywords: dermatophytosis, fungi

Correspondence: Rahayu. Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang, Central Java. Email: rahayu.md5059@gmail.com. Mobile: 081326490064.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.05.27

 

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