Determinants of Nutritional Status in Children Under Two Years of Age in Sragen, Central Java


Sri Sayekti Heni Sunaryanti, Titik Anggraeni

 

Diploma Program in Nursing, School of Health Sciences Mamba’ul ‘Ulum, Surakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Malnutrition is one of the most important health and welfare prob­lems among infants and young children in developing countries. This study aimed to examine the determinants of weight for age in children under 2 years of age in Sragen, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: This was across-sectional study conducted in Jetis­karang­pung, Kalijambe, Sragen. A total of 107 children under 2 years of age were se­­lec­ted for this study by random sampling. The dependent variable was child growth as measured by weight for age score. The independent variableswere ex­clusive breastfeeding, complementary feeding, immunization status, and child health care. The body weight was measured by a scale. The other data were col­lec­ted by questionnaire. The datawere analyzed by a multiple linear regression.

Results: Weight for age score increased with exclusive breastfeeding (b= 0.49; p= 0.025), complementary feeding (b= 0.26; p<0.001), immunization status (b= 0.65; p= 0.003), child health care (b= 0.59; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Weight for age score increases with exclusive breastfeeding, comp­le­men­tary feeding, immunization status, child health care.

Keywords: child growth, nutrition status, exclusive breastfeeding, comple­mentary feeding, immunization status, child health care.

Correspondence: Sri Sayekti Heni Sunaryanti, Titik Anggraeni. Diploma Program in Nursing, School of Health Sciences Mamba’ul ‘Ulum, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: ss.heni.s29@gmail.com. titikanggraeni_akpermus@yahoo.com.

Mobile: 085602025624, 085867292673

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.03.14

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