Effect of Breastfeeding Duration on Menstrual Period Return after Child Birth in Deli Serdang, North Sumatera


Loise Juliyanti Siagian, Asfriyati, Evawany Y Aritonang

 

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara

 

ABSTRACT

Background: The length of postpartum amenorrhea is quite variable, and depends on several factors, including maternal age, parity, as well as dura­tion and fre­quency of breastfeeding. The return of menstruation is not necessarily the result of preceding ovulation in the postpartum woman. Breastfeeding, however, suppresses menstruation at least for a while. For some mothers, there may be an absence of menstruation for weeks, months, and even years while still breast­feeding. This study aimed to determine the effect of breastfeeding duration on mens­trual period return after child birth in Deli Serdang, North Sumatera.

Subjects and Method: This was across-sectional study conducted in Pur­wo­dadi village, Deli Serdang, North Sumatera. A sample of 78postpartum women who had children aged 6 to 24 months were selected for this study. The depen­dent variable was menstrual period return. The independent variables were exc­lu­sive breast­feeding (EBF), EBF frequency, EBF interval, EBF duration, and EBF tech­nique. The data were collected by questionnaire. The data were described in per­cent and analyzed by a logistic regression.

Results:The prevalence of EBF in this sample was about 22%. About 67% of mothers breastfed 8 to 12 times per day. About 95% of mothers breastfed in less than 6 hour interval per day. Menstrual period return was affected by EBF, frequency of EBF, and technique of EBF.

Conclusion: The prevalence of EBF in this sample was about 22%. Menstrual period return is affected by EBF, frequency of EBF, and technique of EBF.

Keywords: breastfeeding, duration, menstrual period, child birth.

Correspondence: Loise Juliyanti Siagian. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara, North Sumatera. Email: sofiahmanurung2@gmail.com. Mobile: 081393990999, 081268111562

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.03.15

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