Effect of Daily Litter Collection on Health Behavior among Students in Deli Serdang, North Sumatera


Pomarida Simbolon, Connie Melva Sianipar

 

Health School Sciences Santa Elisabeth, Medan

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Over the past three decades, behavioral and social researchers have identified multi-level determinants of health and health behavior. Previous stu­dies have examined the complex processes linking health to behavior and ex­plo­red the efficacy of different intervention strategies for fostering healthful behaviors and environments. Recently a new model of health promotion, namely Pro­gram Operasi Punggut Sampah Setiap Hari Bang Sampah Pembinaan Be­r­jenjang (Opung Sari Basah Bang), has been introduced to some high schools in Deli Serdang, North Sumatera, which aimed at promoting clean and healthy beha­­vior changes among adolescents. This program is intended to be a long-term maintenance of behavior change, as well as an effective strategy for achieving sustai­nable health promotion and disease prevention. This study aimed to determine the effect of daily litter collection (Opung Sari Basah Bang) on clean and healthy behavior among students in Deli Serdang, North Sumatera.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experiment before and after with no con­trol design conducted at Pancur Batu High School, Deli Serdang, North Suma­tera, from April to May 2018. A sample of 88 students was selected for this study. The dependent variable was clean and healthy behavior. The independent varia­ble was daily litter collection model (Opung Sari Basah Bang). Health behavior was measured before and after intervention by questionnaire and observation. The data were analyzed by a chi-square test with Risk Ratio (RR) as the measure of effect.

Results: Clean and healthy behavior improved after the implementation of  Opung Sari Basah Bang (RR= 32.73; 95% CI= 8.27 to 129.55; p= 0.001).

Conclusion: Opung Sari Basah Bang is effective to improve clean and healthy behavior among high school students.

Keywords: Opung Sari Basah Bang, daily litter collection, clean and healthy beha­vior

Correspondence:

Pomarida Simbolon. School of Health Sciences Santa Elisabeth, Medan, North Sumatera. Email: pomasps@yahoo.com. Mobile: 085361806500.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.02.32

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