Effect of Dietary Consumption Pattern, Nutrition Status, and Hemoglobin Level on Academic Achievement among High School Students in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara

Frida S Pay1), Intje Picauly2), Sabina Gero3)


1) School of Health Science, Maranatha, Kupang

2) Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana

3) School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Kupang



Background: A healthy diet has been reported to be associated with physical deve­­lopment, cognition and academic performance, and personality during ado­les­­­cence. This study aimed to  estimate the effects of dietary consumption pat­tern, nutrition status, and hemoglobin level on academic achievement among high school students in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Senior High School, Kupang district, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, from December 2014 to March 2015. A total sample of 206 students was selected for this study by sim­ple random sampling. The dependent variable was academic achievement. The independent variables were type of food consumed, food consumed rate, protein intake rate, nutritional status, and hemoglobin level. The data were collec­ted by interview. The data were analyzed by a multiple linear regression.

Results: Academic achievement increased with hemoglobin level (b= 1.27; 95% CI= 0.45 to 2.08; p= 0.02), energy (b= 0.01; 95% CI= 0.003 to 0.01; p<0.001),  pro­tein intake (b= 0.09; 95% CI= 0.02 to 0.15; p= 0.007), nutritional status (b= 0.47; 95% CI= 0.15 to 0.78; p= 0.004).

Conclusion: Academic achievement increases with hemoglobin level, energy, protein intake, and nutritional status.

Keywords: academic achievement, hemoglobin level, energy, protein intake, and nutritional status.


Frida S Pay. District Health Office, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Email: rafpun012@gmail.com. Mobile: 081338353340.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.03.0222

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