Factors Associated with Antenatal Care Uptake and Incidence of Low Birthweight in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara

Roslin E.M. Sormin1), Intje Picauly2), Ina Debora Ludji2)


1) School of Health Sciences Maranatha, Kupang

2) Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana



Background: The importance of antenatal care (ANC) cannot be understated because it could detect abnormalities and preventable illnesses in mother and child, inclu­ding low birth weight (LBW). This study aimed to determine factors associ­ated with ANC uptake and LBW in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at several Pus­kesmas (Community Health Care) in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, in Feb­ruary and March 2015. A sample of 39 pregnant mothers were selected for this stu­dy. The dependent variable were ANC uptake and incidence of LBW. The indepen­dent variables were maternal education, husband support, general health check ups. The data were colected by questionnaire and maternal and child health re­cord. The data analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: ANC uptake decreased with lower maternal education (OR= 0.12; 95% CI= 0.02 to 0.69; p= 0.017), weak husband support (OR= 0.06; 95% CI= 0.06 to 0.67; p= 0.022), and absence of general check ups (OR= 0.18; 95% CI= 0.04 to 0.83; p= 0.028). Regular ANC uptake was associated with lower risk of LBW (OR= 0.54; 95% CI= 0.32 to 0.94; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Antenatal care uptake decreases with lower maternal education, weak husband support, and absence of general check ups. Regular ANC uptake is asso­ciated with lower risk of LBW.

Keywords: antenatal care, low birth weight, pregnant women.

Correspondence: Roslin E.M. Sormin. School of Health Sciences Maranatha, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Email: roslin.sormin78@gmail.com. Mobile: 081339440442.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.03.03

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