Factors Associated with Complementary Feeding in Malaka Tengah, East Nusa Tenggara

Hery Dillak1), Intje Picauly2), Mindo Sinaga3)


1)BAPPEDA, Malaka Tengah District

2)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana

3)District Health Office, Malaka Tengah, East Nusa Tenggara



Background: The first two years of life provide a critical window of opportunity for ensuring children’s appropriate growth and development through optimal feeding. Earlier studies reported that appropriate complementary feeding prac­ti­ces would result in 6% reduction in under-five mortality. This study aimed to determine factors associated with complementary feeding in Malaka Tengah, East Nusa Tenggara, using Theory of Planned Behavior.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Malaka Tengah district, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, from January to August 2016. A to­tal sample of 154lactating mothers was selected for this study by simple ran­dom sampling. The dependent variable was complementary feeding. The inde­pen­dent variables were maternal knowledge, self efficacy, intention, and social cul­­tural. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple lo­gis­tic regression.

Results: Maternal knowledge (b=0.17; 95%CI=0.08 to 0.73; p=0.001), self efficacy (b=0.24; 95%CI=0.08 to 0.73; p= 0.012), intention (b=0.26; 95%CI= 0.09 to 0.77; p= 0.015), and positivesocial cultural factor (b=0.09; 95%CI= 0.03 to 0.27; p<0.001) had positive associations with complementary feeding.

Conclusion: Maternal knowledge, self efficacy, intention, and positivesocial cultural factor, have positive associations with complementary feeding.

Keywords: complementary feeding, knowledge, self efficacy, intention, social cultural

CorrespondenceHery Dillak. Malaka District, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Email: herydillakherydillak@yahoo.com. Mobile: 082237929309.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.03.11

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