Health Belief Model on the Determinants of Self Care among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


Ummy Prasetyowati1), Didik Tamtomo2), Bhisma Murti1)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Promoting self-care and self-management behaviors among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus-related have been associated with improved cli­nical outcomes, fewer complications, enhanced glycaemic control, and quality of life. This study aimed to analyze the determinants of self care among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, using Health Belief Model.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study carried out at Dr. Moewar­di Hospital, Surakarta, Central Java, from March to April 2018. A sample of 200 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients was selected by total sampling. The depen­dent variable was self preventive care. The independent variables were per­cei­ved seve­­rity, perceived susceptibility, and cues to action. The data were col­lected by ques­tion­naire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Self preventive care in type 2 diabetes mellitus increased with strong perceived susceptibility (OR= 2.56; 95% CI= 1.11 to 5.91; p= 0.027), strong perceived severity (OR= 6.56; 95% CI= 3.03 to 14.22; p<0.001), and cues to action (OR= 4.38; 95% CI= 1.81 to 10.56; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Self preventive care in type 2 diabetes mellitus increases with per­cei­ved susceptibility, perceived severity, and cues to action.

Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus, self preventive care, health belief model

Correspondence:

Ummy Prasetyowati. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: ummyprasetyowati@gmail.com. Mobile: +6281227225939.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.02.42

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