Health Promotion Based on the Five Principles “Pancasila” to Manage Aggressive Behavior on Campus in Malang, East Java


Fattah Hanurawan, Indah Yasminum SuhantiAryudho Widyatno

 

Universitas Negeri Malang

 

ABSTRACT

Background: In recent years, access to information among adolescents has led to unlimited manifestation of aggression. Often this has been witnessed in the increasing number of adolescents institutionalized for aggressive behavior. This stu­dy aimed to investigate the five principles “Pancasila”-based health promotion to manage aggressive behavior among adolescents on campus in Malang, East Java.

Subjects and Method: A qualitative study was carried out on university cam­pus in Malang, East Java. A total of 19 key informants was selected for this study, including teachers and students. The theme was application of the five principles “Pancasila”-based health promotion to manage aggressive behavior. The data were collected by literature study, in-depth interview, direct observation, and do­cu­ment review.

Results: (1) Aggressive behavior was managable under mental health pro­mo­tion;  (2) Mental health promotion can be provided in campus; (3) Mental health promotion is easier implemented if it is linked with local culture with the five principles “Pancasila” uniting various local cultures.

Conclusion: The five principles “Pancasila” can be used to plan a mental health pro­motion program aims to address aggressive behavior.

Keywords: five principles “Pancasila”, health promotion, aggressive behavior.

Correspondence: Aryudho Widyatno. Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java. Email: aryudhowidyatno.um@gmail.com. Mobile: 085807291202.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.02.25

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