Maternal Knowledge, Attitude, and Exclusive Breastfeeding in Labuhanbatu, North Sumatera

Wahyuni, Evawany Yunita Aritonang, Sri Rahayu Sanusi


Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara



Background:World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) be given to infants from birth up to 6 months and con­tinued breastfeeding with appropriate complementary food until the child cele­brates the second year birthday without water, food or drink. The only exceptions are rehydration salts and syrups that contain medicine. Breast milk promotes sen­sory and cognitive development, and protects the infant against infectious and chro­nic diseases. Exclusive breastfeeding reduces infant mortality due to common childhood illnesses such as diarrhea or pneumonia, and helps for a quic­ker recovery during illness. This study aimed to determine knowledge, attitude, and their associations with EBF in Labuhanbatu, North Sumatera.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted in the catchment area of Puskesmas (community health center) Sukamakmur, Bilah, Labu­han­batu, North Sumatera. A sample of 68 lactating women was selected for this study. The dependent variable was EBF. The independent variables were mater­nal know­ledge and attitude toward EBF. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Women with better knowledge (OR= 4.52; 95% CI= 2.27 to 7.58; p= 0.001) and favourable attitude (OR= 6.17; 95% CI= 3.54 to 9.10; p= 0.038) were more likely to breastfeed exclusively than counterparts with poorer knowledge and unfavourable attitude.

Conclusion: Maternal knowledge and attitude positively affect exclusive breast­fee­ding.

Keywords: knowledge, attitude, exclusive breast feeding, women

Correspondence: Wahyuni. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatera.Email: Mobile: 081361531328.


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