The Association of Socioeconomic and Environmental Factors with Smoking Cessation

Joko Tri Atmojo1,2), RB Soemanto3), Bhisma Murti1)


1)School of Health Sciences Mamba’ul ‘Ulum, Surakarta

2)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Smoking cessation rates have remained stagnant globally. Environment factor plays an important role in the likelihood of achieving quitting from smoking. This study aimed to investigate the association of socioeconomic and environmental factors with smoking cessation.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Surakarta, in December 2017. A sample of 165 adults was selected for this study by snowball sampling. The dependent variable was smoking cessation. The independent variables were addiction, stress, cigarette purchase, smoking duration, subjective norm, and social support. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Smoking cessation directly decreased with high stress (b= -0.65; 95% CI= -1.36 to 0.07; p= 0.077), high addiction (b= -1.76; 95% CI= -2.51 to – 1.01; p<0.001), and high purchasing power (b= -0.88; 95% CI= -1.61 to -0.15; p= 0.018). Smoking cessation was indirectly affected by smoking duration, sub­jec­tive norm, and social support.

Conclusion: Smoking cessation is directly decreased with high stress, high addiction, and high purchasing power. Smoking cessation was indirectly affected by smo­king duration, subjective norm, and social support

Keywords: smoking cessation, addiction, stress, cigarrete purchase, smoking dura­tion, subjective norm, social support

Correspondence: Joko Tri Atmojo. School of Health Sciences Mamba’ul ‘Ulum, Surakarta, Jl. Ring Road Utara, Tawangsari, Mojosongo, Jebres, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: Mobile: 081393319000


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