Associations of Education, Knowledge, and Attitude with Antenatal Care Visit in Medan, North Sumatera

Polma Ria Metawati Panjaitan, Heru Santosa, Surya Utama


Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara



Background: It has been estimated that 25 percent of maternal deaths occur during pregnancy. Therefore, good care during pregnancy is important for the health of the mother and the development of the unborn baby.This study aimed to determine the associations of education, knowledge, and attitude with ante­natal care (ANC) visit in Medan, North Sumatera.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study conducted at Ridos General Hospital,  Medan, North Sumatera. A sample of 89 pregnant women was se­lec­­ted for this study. The dependent variable was completeness of ANC. The inde­pen­dent variables were education, knowledge, and attitude. The data were col­lec­ted by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple linear regression.

Results: Knowledge about pregnancy and birth delivery (b= 048; p= 0.045) was asso­ciated with completeness of ANC visit, after controlling for the effects for other variables.

Conclusion: Knowledge about pregnancy and birth delivery is associated with com­p­­leteness of ANC visit.

Keywords: antenatal care, education, knowledge, attitude, pregnant women.

Correspondence: Polma Ria Metawati Panjaitan. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Jalan Universitas No.21, Kampus USU, Medan 20155, North Sumatera. Email: 081370801033.


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