Associations of Maternal Knowledge and Exclusive Breastfeeding with Nutrition Status of Children under Five in Bangkalan, East Java

Nurun Nikmah


School of Health Sciences Insan Se Agung, Bangkalan



Background: Nutritional status of children is one of the major predictors of child survival. Despite the various efforts, malnutrition among children remains as a major public health problem in Indonesia. Previous studies reported exc­lu­si­ve­ly breastfed children were nutritionally better off and children of illiterate women were nutritionally more vulnerable than children of women who had hig­her education. This study aimed to determine the associations of maternal know­led­ge and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) with nutrition status of children under five in Bangkalan, East Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Posyandu (integrated family health post) Jagul, Bangkalan, East Java. A sample of 67 children under five years of age were selected for this study. The dependent variable was child nutrition status as measured by weight for age Z score. Nutritional sta­tus was classified as good if -2 ≤ Z score < 2, and underweight if Z score <-2. The inde­pendent variables were maternal knowledge and EBF. The data were col­lec­ted by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Normal nutritional status was associated with better maternal know­ledge on EBF (OR= 2.70; p= 0.033) and provision of EBF (OR= 2.15; p= 0.048).

Conclusion: Normal nutritional status of children under five is associated with better maternal knowledge on EBF and provision of EBF.

Keywords: nutritional status, maternal knowledge, exclusive breastfeeding.

Correspondence: Nurun Nikmah. Diploma of Midwifery, School of Health Sciences Insan Se Agung, Bangkalan 69116, East Java. Email: Mobile: 085755793511


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