The Associations of Food Availability, Dietary Pattern, and Family Income with Nutritional Status among Children under Five in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara

I Gusti Agung Ngurah Suarnawa1), Intje Picauly2) Mindo Sinaga2)


1)Municipality Health Office, Kupang

2)Graduate Program, Universitas Nusa Cendana



Background: Malnutrition remains among the most devastating problems facing the majority of the world’s poor and needy people, and continue to domi­nate the health of the world’s poorest nations. Nearly 30% of humanity are cur­rently suffering from one or more of the multiple forms of malnutrition. This stu­dy aimed to determine the associations of food availability, dietary pattern, and family income with nutritional status among children underfive in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. A sample of 400 children under five were selected for this study by simple random sampling. The dependent variable was nutritional status as measured by weight for age Z-score. The independent variables were food avai­la­bility, dietary pattern, and family income. The data were collected by ques­tionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: The risk of underweight increased with  food inavailability (OR= 1.68; 95% CI=1.03 to 2.73; p= 0.038), poor dietary pattern (OR = 1.91; 95% CI=1.19 to 3.05; p= 0.007), and low family income (OR= 1.55; 95%CI= 1.08 to 2.23;p= 0.017).

Conclusion: The risk of underweight among children under five increases with  food inavailability, poor dietary pattern, and low family income.

Keywords:underweight,food availability, dietary pattern, family income, children under five

Correspondence: I Gusti Agung Ngurah Suarnawa. Municipality Health Office, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. E-mail: Mobile:+6282236056715.



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