Factors Associated with Birthweight


Nikmah Ayu Ramadhani Amir1), Uki Retno Budihastuti2)Bhisma Murti1)

 

1)Masters Program on Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Birth weight is an important indicator of an infant’s health. Birth weight represents a stabile influence on brain development from childhood to adult­­hood, regardless of whether a child is little or large at birth, over or under the “normal limit” of 2500 grams. This study aimed to examine factors associated with birthweight.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at Ngemplak Prima­ry Health Center, Boyolali District, Central Java, Indonesia, from May to June 2018. A sample of 203 children under five years old were selected by simple ran­dom sampling. The dependent variable was birthweight. The independent variables were family income, gestational age, and maternal nutritional status (mid up­per arm circumference/MUAC). The data was collected by questionnaire and were analyzed by multiple linear regression.

Results: Birthweight was positively associated with gestational age (b= 0.09; 95% CI= 0.03 to 0.15; p= 0.004), maternal MUAC (b= 0.14; 95% CI= 0.07 to 0.20; p<0.001), and family income (b= 0.09; 95% CI= 0.06 to 0.12; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Birthweight is positively associated with gestational age, maternal MUAC, and family income.

Keywords: birthweight, gestational age, maternal nutritional status, family income

Correspondence: Nikmah Ayu Ramadhani Amir. Masters Program of Public Health, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: ad1892nr@gmail.com. Mobile: +6282323957575

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.03.47

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