ow Birthweight, Preterm Birth, and Their Associations with the Risk of Asphyxia

Yustina Purwaningsih1),Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi2)Dono Indarto3), Bhisma Murti1)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Perinatal asphyxia, neonatal asphyxia, or birth asphyxia has been de­fined as the medical condition resulting from deprivation of oxygen to a new­born infant that lasts long enough during the birth process to cause physical harm, usually to the brain. If left untreated, neonatal asphyxia can cause a severe lack of oxygen to the baby’s brain, which can injure brain cells and cause hypoxic-ische­mic encephalopathy (HIE), cerebral palsy, seizures, and other forms of brain damage. This study aimed to examine the association between low birthweight, preterm birth, and the risk of asphyxia.

Subjects and Method: This was an analytic observational study with a case control design. The study was conducted at the perinatology ward, Dr. Harjono Hospital, Ponorogo, East Java, in July 2018. A sample data of 360 newly born infants between January 2017 and December 2017 was selected for this study by fixed disease sampling, consisting of 180 newborns with asphyxia and 180 new­borns without asphyxia. The dependent variable was birth asphyxia. The inde­pen­­dent variables were low birthweight and prematurity. The secondary data were obtained from the medical record and analyzed by a multiple logistic regres­sion.

Results: Asphyxia was associated with low birthweight (OR= 4.16; 95% CI= 2.04 to 8.49; p<0.001) and prematurity (OR= 4.05; 95% CI= 2.05 to 8.03; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Asphyxia is associated with low birthweight and prematurity.

Keywords: asphyxia, low birthweight, prematurity

Correspondence: Yustina Purwaningsih. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: yustinapurwaningsih202@gmail.com

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2018.03.48


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