Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Unfavorable Tradition among Post Partum Women in Bangka Tengah, Bangka-Belitung

Neng Ayu Rosita


School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Pangkalpinang



Background: Dietary rules and regulations may govern particular phases of the human life cycle and may be associated with special events such as menstrual period, pregnancy, childbirth, lactation, and – in traditional societies – preparation for the hunt, battle, wedding, funeral, etc. Food taboos and restrictions are most commonly practised in relation to pregnancy. Pregnancy in various cultures is attended by many food taboos, beliefs, and restrictions, which are often influen­ced by traditional notions passed on from one generation to another. This study aimed to determine the association between maternal education and un­favou­­rable traditional food restriction among pregnant women in Buton tribe, Bangka-Belitung.

Subjects and Method: This was a quantitative and qualitative study conducted in Buton tribe, Bangka Tengah, Bangka-Belitung. A total of 65post partum women aged ≥20 years were selected for this study. The dependent variable was traditional food taboo and restriction in the post partum period. The independent va­riables were age, education, and parity. Qualitative data were collected by in-depth inter­view, focus group discussion, and observation. The quantitative data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by chi-square test.

Results: Of the 65 post partum women under study, 62 (95%) aged ≥ 20 years, 53 (82%) had low education level, 49 (75%) were multiparous, and 55 (87%) practi­ced traditional tribal food restriction. Bivariate analysis showed a positive associa­tion between low education level and traditional tribal food restriction prac­tice. Some of the traditional tribal practice were detrimental to maternal and child health.

Conclusion: Low education level is associated with traditional tribal food restriction practice. Some of the traditional tribal practices were detrimental to ma­ter­nal and child health.

Keywords: traditional, food taboo, education, parity, post partum women.

Correspondence: Neng Ayu Rosita. School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Pangkal­pinang, Bangka-Belitung. Email: 081214161417.





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