The Association between Motivation, Supervision, and Work Performance among Nurses in Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta

Nureesa Doloh1), Didik Tamtomo2), Endang Sutisna Sulaeman2)


1)Masters Program on Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Motivation in work has been shown in earlier studies to determine employee performance. Motivation is a power that causes people to behave in a positive way that may result in better performance. However, empirical evidence on this association in hospital setting in Indonesia is lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between motivation and work performance among nurses in hospital, after controlling for the effect of supervision.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta, Central Java, from April to May 2018. A sample of 150 nurses was selected for this study by random sampling. The dependent variable was nurse performance. The independent variables were motivation and super­­­­vision. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple line­ar regression.

Results: Nurse performance was associated with motivation (OR= 3.24; 95% CI= 1.45 to 7.21; p= 0.004) and supervision (OR= 2.83; 95% CI= 1.31 to 6.14; p= 0.008). Nagelkerke R2= 22.0%.

Conclusion: Nurse performance is associated with motivation, after controlling for the effect of supervision.

Keywords: motivation, supervision, nurse performance

Correspondence: Nureesa Doloh. Masters Program on Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: Mobile: +62895414785888.


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