Achievement of Malaria Control Program in West Papua 2012-2016


Dedy Supriyanto1, Adang Bachtiar2

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

2)Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

 

Background: Malaria occurs mostly in poor, tropical, and subtropical areas of the world. In 2016, malaria endemicity in West Papua Province was still high. Annual Para­site Incidence (API) reached to 49.43. Of the 13 districts/cities, there was no single district/city with malaria free status because of local (indigenous) malaria transmission. This becomes a considerable work for West Papua province to reduce cases of local mala­ria transmission. This study aimed to describe achievement of malaria control program in West Papua 2012-2016.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in West Papua. Malaria indicators of interest included: (1) Annual Para­site Incidence (API); (2) Slide Positive Rate (SPR); (3) Distribution of insecticide-treated net (ITN). The data were obtained from the Elec­­tronic Malaria Surveillance Information Sys­tem (E-SISMAL) report of Mala­­­ria Sub-Directorate, Mi­nistry of Health, Indonesia. The data were analyzed descrip­tive­ly.

Results: Malaria cases decreased from 4548.9 cases in 2012 to 568.85 cases in 2016. API in West Papua declined from 52.27 per 1000 population in 2012 to 18.23 per 1000 population in 2016. SPR declined from 34.0% in 2012 to 16.5% in 2016. Cumulative distribution of ITN in­crea­s­ed from 2012 as many as 60,000 to 524,363 bed nets in 2016. The contribution of cadres and community health center increased.

Conclusion: Slide Positive Rate of malaria declines in West Papua. Distribution of insec­t­icide-treated net increases. Contribution of cadres and community health center increases.

Keywords: malaria, West Papua, annual parasite incidence

Correspondence: Dedy Supriyanto. Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Univer­si­tas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia. Email: dedyp2pl@gmail.com. Mobile: 08577­6752228.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.01.25

 

 

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