Association between Diet, Body Image, and Self-Esteem among Female Students in Jakarta

Frima Elda


Indonesia Sport Nutritionist Association



Background: Body image dissatisfaction, negative mood states such as depression and stress, low self-esteem, and personality traits are contributed to undesired phy­siologic disorder, such as eating disorder. This study aimed to analyze the association between diet, body image, and self-esteem among female students in Jakarta.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at High School in Jakarta. A total of 504 female students aged 15-17 years was selected for this study. The dependent variable was self-esteem. The independent variables were diet and body image. The data of diet were collected using restrained eating scale of the Dutch Eating Behaviors and the Binge Scale ques­tionnaires. Body image were measured using the Con­tour Drawing Rating Scale. Self-es­teem data were measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The data were analyzed using AN­COVA.

Results: Diet and body image were associated with self-esteem.

Conclusion: Self-esteem is associated with diet and body image among female stu­dents.

Key words: diet, body image, self-esteem, female student

Correspondence: Frima Elda. Indonesian Sport Nutritionist Association. Email: fri­ Mobile: 085272802345.


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