Different Effectiveness of Safety Media on Knowledge, Attitude, and Self-Efficacy in Disaster Preparedness among Visitors at a Hospital


Asteria Narulita Pramana, Yuliani Setyaningsih, M. Zen Rahfiludin

 

Department Occupational Safety and Health, Masters Program in Health Promotion,

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Diponegoro

 

ABSTRACT

Background: In our current times, to communicate risks effectively with populations, communities, families and individuals is essential for everyone to be better prepared when disaster and crisis hit. The purpose of this study was to determine the different effec­t­tiveness of sa­fety media on knowledge, attitude, and self-efficacy in disaster pre­paredness among visitors at a hospital.

Subject and Methods: This was a quasi-experiment conducted at a hospital in Sema­rang. A sample of 33 hospital visitors was selected for this study and divided into three groups: leaflet group, video group, and leaflet-video group. The dependent variables were knowledge, attitude, and self-efficacy in disaster preparedness. The independent va­riable was safety media. The data were collected by questionnaire. The data were ana­lyzed by Oneway ANOVA and posthoc test.

Results: Mean score of knowledge in the leaflet-video group was higher than the remai­n­ing two groups, and it was statistically significant. Differences in mean score of atti­tude and self-efficacy between the three groups were statistically non-significant.

Conclusion: Leaflet-video is the most effective safety media to improve knowledge in di­sas­ter preparedness. Leaflet, video, and its combination do not make difference to change attitude and self-efficacy.

Keywords: hospital, media safety, knowledge, attitude and self–efficacy.

Correspondence: Asteria Narulita Pramana, Department Occupational Safety and Health, Masters Program in Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Dipo­negoro, Email: asterianarulita@gmail.com. Mobile: 085640808711.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.08

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