Effect of Accreditation on Occupational Health and Safety Behavior among Workers in A Private Hospital, Semarang, Central Java


Haryanto, Hanifa Maher Denny, Suroto

 

Occupational Health and Safety Promotion Unit, Masters in Public Health,

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Diponegoro

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Hospital is a health care industry with a variety of complex labor prob­lems and various risks of occupational disease and accident. Accreditation is a way to pro­tect patients, vi­sitors, caregivers from accidents and occupational diseases. This stu­dy aimed to analyze the ef­fect of accreditation on occupational health and safety beha­vior among workers in a private hos­pital, Semarang, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a case study conducted at a private hospital, Sema­rang, Central Java. A total of 8 people were selected for this study as main infor­mants and 3 people as tri­angulation informants (team leader of occupational health and safe­ty, head of hospital ac­cre­ditation, and the head of hospital facilities and infra­struc­­ture main­tenance). The data were col­­lected by in-depth interviews, direct obser­va­tion, and document review. The data were ana­ly­zed using the stages of data reduc­tion, data dis­play, content analysis, and decision-making.

Results: After the accreditation, the hospital had only minimally implemented policies and re­gulations of occupational safety and health. Some of employees did not use per­so­n­al protective equipment while working at a hazardous place. Some occupational sa­fe­­ty and health faci­li­ties were poorly maintained. Equipment that requires large funds was gradually completed.

Conclusion: Occupational health and safety has not been well implemented after hos­pi­tal ac­cre­­ditation. The hospital management has yet to apply reward and sanction rela­­ted to occu­pa­tio­nal safety and health for employees.

Keywords: accreditation, hospital, occupational safety and health behavior

Correspondence: Haryanto. Occupational Health and Safety Promotion Unit, Masters in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java. Email: haryan­­to­roemani@gmail.com. Mobile: 08122921644.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.01.01

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