Effect of Dust and Fume Exposure on Lung Function among Food Processing Workers in Semarang, Central Java

Dea Amarilisa Adespin, Hari Peni Julianti, Aras Utami, Dodik Pramono, Diah Rahayu Wulandari


Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Diponegoro



Background: Workers in many industrial areas are exposed to various inhalable agents in­clu­ding dust, gases, fumes, and organic solvents. These agents may cause seve­ral res­pi­­­ratory di­se­ases. This study aimed to examine the effect of dust and fume ex­po­sure on lung function among food processing workers in Semarang, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at a food pro­cessing factory in Semarang, Central Java. A total of 264 workers was selected for this study. The dependent va­riable was lung function. The independent variables were dust and fume ex­posure. Data on dust and fume exposures were obtained through interview using struc­tu­red questionnaire and ob­ser­vation. Lung function was measured by spirome­ter. The data were analyzed by Chi-square.

Results: A total of 12.9% workers exposed to dust and 9.8% exposed to fume. 22.3% wor­kers had lung function disorder. Most lung disorders were mild restriction. Dust and fume exposures were positively associated with lung function disorder, and they were sta­tistically significant.

Conclusion: Dust and fume exposures are positively associated with lung function dis­order.

Keywords: dust, fume, exposure, lung function, worker

Correspondence: Dea Amarilisa Adespin. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java. Email: dea.amarilisa@gmail.com. Mobile: 085743535757.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.01.37

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