Effect of Fresh Water Shell (Batissa Violacea Celebensis) on Iron Level in The Ground Water, Kendari, South East Sulawesi

Bromo Kusumo, Muh. Abd. Gafur Tirtayasa, Neni Hendrawati


Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya, Kendari



Background: Iron in rural ground water supplies is a common problem: its concent­ration level ranges from 0 to 50 mg/L, while WHO recommended level is <0.3 mg/L. The iron occurs na­turally in the aquifer but levels in groundwater can be increased by dissolution of ferrous bo­rehole and handpump components. Iron-bearing ground­water is often noticeably orange in co­lour, causing discoloration of laundry, and has an un­plea­sant taste, which is apparent in drin­­king and food preparation. There are only a few studies of fresh water shell (batissa vio­lacea ce­lebensis) as an alter­native to reduce the iron content in groundwater has not been done much.This study aimed to to test the effectiveness of fresh water shell (batissa violacea ce­le­ben­sis) in decreasing iron level in the ground water.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experiment study before and after with no control design conducted at Wowawanggu village, Wua-wua sub-district, Kendari, South Sulawesi. A total sample of 3 boreholes was selected for this study by purposive sampling. The dependent va­riable was iron level in the ground water. The independ­ent variable was fresh water shell (ba­tissa violacea celebensis). Differences in mean bet­ween groups were tested by One Way ANOVA and post hoc test.

Result: Differences in mean between groups were statistically significant with iron level in the ground water in the fresh water shell (batissa violacea celebensis) groups lower than the ne­ga­tive control group.

Conclusion: Fresh water shell (batissa violacea celebensis) is effective to decrease iron level in the ground water.

Keywords: iron level, ground water, fresh water shell, batissa violacea celebensis

Correspondence: Bromo Kusumo. Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Health Science Mandala Waluya, Jl. A.H. Nasution No. G 37, Kendari, South East Sula­wesi. Email: bromo.ka@gmail.com. Mobile: 082221717148.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.01.34

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