Effect of Patient Behavior and Family Health Task on the Occurrence of Hypertensive Complication at Sikumana Health Center, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara


Israfil, Mindo Sinaga, Ina Debora Ratu Ludji

 

Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertension causes severe vessel related complications if not properly con­trolled. Lifestyle choices can affect the risk of getting high blood pressure comp­li­ca­tion. Healthy behaviors can lower the risk of experiencing high blood pressure com­p­li­ca­tion. This study aimed to determine the effect of patient behavior and family health task on the occurrence of hy­per­tensive complication at Sikumana Health Center, Ku­pang, East Nusa Tenggara.

Subjects and Method: This was a case-control study. A total sample of 80 patients with hy­pertension was selected for this study. The sample consisted of 40 patients with com­­plication and 40 patients with no complication. The dependent variable was hy­per­ten­­sive complication. The independent variables were knowledge, attitude, health be­ha­vior, and family health task. The data on complication were obtained from the me­dical record. Other data were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed using mul­tiple logistic regression.

Results: A total of 70% hypertensive patients had Non-Hemorrhagic Stroke (NHS) and 30% had Chronic Artery Diseases (CAD) complication. Poor knowledge (OR= 4.77; p<0.001), negative attitude (OR= 18.76; p= 0.998), unhealthy behavior (OR= 18.59; p<0.001), and family health task (OR= 15.13; p<0.001) increased the risk of expe­rien­cing hypertensive complication.

Conclusion: Good knowledge, positive attitude, healthy behavior, and family health task, can prevent the occurrence of complication in patients with hypertension.

Keywords: knowledge, attitude, family health task, hypertensive complication

Correspondence: Israfil. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: israfilahmadbungsu@gmail.com. Mobile: 085253950064.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.07

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