Effect of Promotion Media on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Personal Hygene and Sanitation among Fish Sellers in Traditional Market, Semarang


Emelia Tonapa, Hanifa Maher Denny, M. Zen Rahfiludin

 

Health Promotion and Occupational Safety, Masters Program in Health Promotion,

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Diponegoro

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Traditional market is the main pathway for the spread of disease. In terms of environmental health, sanitation in traditional markets includes the provision of clean water, waste management system, latrines, drainage, and wastewater treat­ment. This study aimed to de­ter­mine the effect of promotion media on knowledge, attitude, and practice of personal hy­gene and sanitation among fish sellers in traditional market in Semarang.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experiment using pre-test and post-test with control group design. This study was conducted at Jati, Damar, and Sendiko traditional markets, Se­marang, Central Java. A total of 32 fish sellers was divided into 2 groups:  16 fish sellers with pro­­motion media of poster and leaflet in experimental group and 16 fish sellers without promotion media in control group. The dependent variable were knowledge, attitude, and practice. The independent variable was promotion media. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by t test.

Results: After the provision media, mean scores of knowledge, attitude, and practice, in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group, and all were statistically significant.

Conclusion: Promotion media with leaflet and poster is effective in increasing the knowledge, attitude, and practice of personal hygene and sanitation among fish sellers.

Keywords:  leaflet, poster, knowledge, attitude, practice

Correspondence: Emelia Tonapa. Health Promotion and Occupational Safety, Masters Program in Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Diponegoro. Email: emelto­napa17@gmail.com. Mobile: 081247538106.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.04

 

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