Effect of Social Media Use on Adolescent Mental Health in Kendari, South East Sulawesi


Putu Suri Saraswati, Rismawati

 

Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya, Kendari

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Social media is constantly running in the background of life. According to a British Psychological Society, approximately 90 percent of teenagers are on social media. Con­stantly seeing what their peers are doing on a day to day basis can be dama­g­ing to their mental health. This study aimed to determine the effect of social me­dia use on adolescent mental health in Kendari, South East Sulawesi.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at three RTs in Raha­n­douna village, Kendari, South East Sulawesi. A total sample of 48 adolescents was selec­­t­ed for this stu­dy by multi stage random sampling. The dependent variable was men­tal health. The in­de­pen­dent variable was use of social media. The data were collec­ted by questionnaire and analyzed by chi-square with prevalence ratio (PR) as the mea­sure of association.

Results: Emotional problem (PR= 1.89; CI 95% 0.90 to 3.97; p= 0.041), self control inadeptness (PR= 2.74; CI 95% 0.97 to 7.78; p= 0.018), social life ignorance (PR= 1.78; CI 95% 0.95 to 3.36; p= 0.025) and time intensity (PR= 3.16; ​​CI 95% 1.13 to 8.84; p= 0.003) were asso­ciated with mental health issues related to social media. The associa­t­ion between neglected work or activity and mental health issue related to social media was not statiscally significant (PR= 1.65; CI 95% 0.77 to 3.51; p = 0.145).

Conclusion: Most of adolescents are classified as actively using social media. Emo­tio­nal pro­blem, self control inadeptness, ignoring social life, and time intensity are asso­cia­­­ted with mental health issues related to social media.

Keywords: social media, mental health, adolescent.

Correspondence: Putu Suri Saraswati. Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya, Jl. A.H.Nasution No. G 37, Kendari, South East Sulawesi. Email: surisaraswati@gmail.com. Mobile: 081943396856.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.21

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